Eat More of These…
Fish. It's rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are an essential part of a heart-healthy diet. That's good news since people with lupus are at risk of developing heart disease and other cardiovascular problems. The American Heart Association recommends eating two servings—about 3.5 ounces of cooked fish—per week.
At the store, look for fatty fish, which is high in omega-3 fatty acids. Examples include salmon, mackerel, herring, lake trout, sardines, and albacore tuna.
Dairy products and leafy veggies. These foods are packed with calcium and vitamin D. The dynamic duo work together to keep your bones strong. This is important because people with lupus have an increased risk for osteoporosis. The disease may occur as a result of lupus itself or because of certain lupus medications, such as glucocorticoids, that can lead to bone loss.
Fortify your frame with leafy dark green vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli, and low-fat dairy products, including milk, cheese, and yogurt.
Tomatoes and potatoes. Lupus ups your chances of having high blood pressure, a risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, adding foods high in potassium helps reduce the impact that salt has on your blood pressure.
Strive to eat about 4,700 mg of potassium per day. Besides tomatoes and potatoes, potassium is also found in orange and grapefruit juice, raisins, lettuce, and papayas.
Eat Less of These…
Alfalfa. It may seem like a random item on a do-not-eat list, but it's important to steer clear of alfalfa seeds and sprouts. Compounds in alfalfa may trigger the immune system, increase inflammation, and set off a lupus flare. No, thank you!